Spyware Removal Process
What is spyware?
Spyware is a general designation of malware that infiltrates your computer or mobile device and collects information about you, your browsing history, and your habits related to networking. The Internet, as well as other information.
Whatever way a spyware program penetrates your computer, it silently runs in the background, collecting data or following your actions in order to initiate malicious activity in relation to your computer or its use at the right moment. In particular, it can record keystrokes, take screenshots, intercept credentials, personal email addresses, and web form data, save information about using the Internet, and steal other important information, including credit card numbers.
How do the spyware attack?
Spyware infiltrates the system in the same way as any other malware using Trojan programs, viruses, worms, exploits, and other types of malicious objects. Here are just a few ways that intruders can take advantage to infect your computer or mobile device:
The first place in the rating of actions that under no circumstances can be performed on the Internet is surely taken by clicking on an unknown link or link to an application in an email that opens the executable file, or using a web application that loads and runs (executes) which or a program. Sometimes it gets worse: chances are that even a simple visit to a malicious website and viewing its page and/or advertising banner leads to a shady download.
Computer infection can also be caused by clicking on one of the options in the annoying pop-up window. And even simply sending a program or document to a friend, you can quietly infect his computer with spyware that is hidden inside. This applies to executable files, music files, and documents. For the successful implementation of a malicious object, one click of the wrong button is enough
Attackers love to present their spyware as useful software products, the installation of which will facilitate your solution to certain tasks. So, it can be a utility that speeds up access to the Internet, a new download manager, a hard disk cleaning program or an alternative web search service. Beware of this kind of bait, because installing such programs can lead to spyware infection on your computer. After all, even after the removal of such a useful product that provoked a computer infection, the spyware program itself remains in the system and continues to work.
Everyone likes free software! Unless the main program hides malicious add-ons, extensions, or plug-ins. They may look like the necessary components but are spyware programs that remain in the system even after the main application is removed.
Trojans, worms, and backdoors are often used to distribute spyware in addition to their main malicious functions.
Spyware for mobile devices.
Mobile spyware began to plague users when mobile devices became widespread. These devices take up little space, and users cannot follow all the processes that occur in the system, so malicious objects can go unnoticed for a long time. Mac and Android devices can be infected when you install an application with malicious code. Such applications may include allowed programs that have been recompiled using the malicious code, actual malicious programs using a dummy name, as well as programs with false download links. In addition, sometimes these applications are installed on the device by attackers who want to secretly follow the actions of users.
Types of spyware
In most cases, the functions of spyware depend on the intentions of their authors. The following are examples of the most common types of spyware, classified according to their functions:
Password theft programs are applications designed to collect passwords on infected computers. In particular, they can collect the credentials that the user enters in the browser, credentials to log in to the system, and other important passwords. The obtained information can be stored on an infected computer – in a place determined by the program itself, or transmitted to a remote server for later retrieval.
Banking Trojans are applications developed to collect accounting data of financial institutions. They exploit browser security vulnerabilities to modify web pages, modify transaction content, or insert additional transactions into the data stream while remaining completely invisible to both the user and the main web application. Banking Trojans can be targeted against a variety of financial market players, including banks, brokers, online financial portals and e-wallet operators. These applications can also transfer collected data to remote servers for later retrieval.
Data-stealing programs are applications that scan infected computers for various information, such as user names, passwords, email addresses, browser history, log files, system data, documents, spreadsheets, or other media files. Like bank Trojans, data theft programs can exploit browser security vulnerabilities to collect users’ personal data on forums and online services, and then transfer the information to a remote server or store it directly on an infected PC for later retrieval.
Keyloggers, also referred to as system monitors, are applications designed to track computer user actions, such as keystrokes, web site visits, search history, email conversations, chat conversations, and system credentials entered. Usually, they accumulate screenshots, capturing the current window at regular intervals. Keyloggers also collect information about the functionality of the system, quietly capturing and transmitting images, audio and video files from connected devices. They can even accumulate documents that users print to printers connected to the system, and then transfer these documents to remote servers or store them locally for later retrieval.
How to remove spyware?
A utility anti-spyware removal program can detect and remove spyware, adware, malware, trojans, keyloggers, adbots, phishing attacks and trackware from your computer, which if left unattended will cause the consequences of, among other things, theft of personal data, computer problems, slow Internet access, changes in the home page, an excessive number of pop-up ads, unauthorized access, etc